Pig sector suffered further heavy losses in Q3, as record feed costs continue to bite

New figures from AHDB show pig producers lost, on average, 15p/kg, or £13/pig, during the third quarter of this year, as record costs of production continued to hit the struggling sector. 

The average losses recorded during Q3 were actually lower than those suffered during the first two quarters, at 28p/kg and 29p/kg respectively, due to very healthy pig prices. However, the situation appears to have worsened during the current quarter as the pig price has plummeted and feed costs appear to be rising even higher.

The AHDB figures show costs averaged 178p/pig, or £156/head, during Q3, down from 182p/kg in Q2, as feed costs remained unsustainably high due to high cereal and protein costs. Feed costs amounted to 120p/kg, and while down slightly on Q2, still represented the second highest figure on record, as feed accounted for 67% of total costs.

The big change was in the APP, which averaged 163p/kg over the quarter, 9p up on Q2 and among the highest figures on record.

Q3 margins 2021

However, the picture has, unfortunately worsened since then, as the APP, which differs from the SPP as it also includes premium pigs, such as outdoor bred, has fallen steadily during the current quarter, on the back of the issues in pork plants and falling EU prices. By the end of October, the APP had dipped below the 150/kg mark, with every sign that the downward trend will continue.

With high cereal prices being driven by a tight global market and underpinned by investors, there is little sign of any significant easing of feed costs, with some reports suggesting they are rising.

The UK pig sector has already suffered its worst financial performance on record during the first half of this year and the second half is unlikely to be much better, even as producers also battle with the logistical, animal welfare, financial and emotional challenges of dealing with the backlog.

The AHDB estimates for net margins use spot feed prices and the levy body points out that producers will have varying buying strategies to mitigate the volatility in feed markets, meaning the level of exposure to rising feed costs may be less in some cases than the estimates indicate. Non-cash costs, such as depreciation and family labour, are also included in the cost of production calculation, which do not affect the short-term cash flow of business.

Nonetheless, the margin estimates highlight trends and shows the unprecedented financial challenges facing UK pig producers at this time.

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About The Author

Editor of LBM titles Pig World and Farm Business and group editor of Agronomist and Arable Farmer. National Pig Association's webmaster. Previously political editor at Farmers Guardian for many years and also worked Farmers Weekly. Occasional farming media pundit. Brought up on a Leicestershire farm, now work from a shed in the garden in Oxfordshire. Big fan of Leicester City and Leicester Tigers. Occasional cricketer.